Battle of Mombasa

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Raid on the Threshold gas mine


Battle of Mombasa
Battle of Mombasa compilation.jpg
Clockwise from top left: M12B Warthogs drive along a ruined highway in Old Mombasa; civilians fleeing by watercraft during the battle; an image of John-117 taken by Benjamin Giraud during the battle; elements of Alpha-Nine observing a CCS-class battlecruiser at the conclusion of the battle; the Solemn Penance jumping to slipspace over the city; a Type-47A Scarab destroyed in Old Mombasa.


Human-Covenant War


October 20, 2552


Mombasa, Kenya, East African Protectorate


Covenant victory


HP Covenant FB Icon.png Covenant Empire

  • Unidentified Colonel
  • Majority of NMPD forces killed.
  • Unknown infantry casualties, presumably heavy
  • Heavy civilian casualties[2]
"This is the only place on Earth the Covenant decided to land. That Prophet is going to tell us why."
— Admiral Terrence Hood[3]

The Battle of Mombasa, also known as the Battle of New Mombasa,[4] was an engagement of the Battle for Earth, taking place in late October 2552. Over the course of the battle, Covenant forces attempted to capture the city of Mombasa, Kenya before it was quickly retaken in a matter of hours by the UNSC.[3][5] However, after the High Prophet of Regret's retreat, the city was occupied by another, larger Covenant force sent by the Prophet of Truth.[6] In the aftermath of the battle, the Portal to the Ark was eventually found by the Covenant, which would prove to be a major determining factor in the final outcome of the Human-Covenant War.[7][8] Years after the war's end, a movement known as "Project Rebirth" emerged to endorse the eventual rebuilding of Mombasa in the aftermath of the War.[9]



After discovering and decrypting a Forerunner Luminary found on Meridian, the High Prophet of Regret of the Covenant was given Slipspace coordinates to a planet called "Erde-Tyrene", which was home to a Forerunner slipspace portal leading to the Ark—a facility highly important to the initiation of their "Great Journey". Unknown to Regret, Erde-Tyrene was humanity's homeworld, Earth.[10] In his characteristic brash and ambitious manner, the Prophet of Regret, wishing to proceed with securing the Portal, took a hastily-assembled force of 15 warships to Earth. Though surprised to find not only a human presence on the planet, but a planet more fortified than any previously encountered human-held world, the High Prophet deemed his mission important enough to proceed and utilized many tactics to ensure his safe arrival on the surface. The coordinates provided by the Forerunner information indicated that his quarry was around the area of Mombasa, Kenya. Immediately after the Prophet of Truth learned of Regret's move, he sent a massive fleet he had collected in secrecy to pick up where Regret had left off.[6][8]


The city was relatively lightly defended, with only NMPD forces as well as some Marine units present, including the 17th Marine Regiment.[11] Some additional military units had been transferred to the city, along with Earth's other tether cities, following the Fall of Reach to bolster their defenses in case of a Covenant invasion. These included E2-BAG/1/7 as well as some UNSC Army forces.[12]

Just prior to the Covenant's attack, Sadie Endesha was on her way to Magongo to enlist in the UNSC.[13] As well, photographer and journalist Benjamin Giraud was on a train heading to Old Mombasa.[14]

The battle[edit]

Surprise Covenant invasion[edit]

"No parking, violators will be ticketed and towed!"
— The Superintendent discussing the assault carrier hovering over New Mombasa with Sadie Endesha.[15]

On October 20, during the opening stages of the Battle for Earth, a single CAS-class assault carrier, the Solemn Penance, broke through the UNSC Home Fleet's defensive lines and headed towards Earth's atmosphere.[16][17] The ship slipspace jumped down to the city of New Mombasa in the East African Protectorate.[18] There, the ship came to rest over the Uplift Nature Reserve deploying infantry and mechanized support.[19] One of the Covenant's first targets was the Mombasa Maglev train network.[20]

At the time of the ship jumping down to the city, Sadie Endesha and numerous civilians had been kicked off a train in Old Mombasa.[18] Covenant tanks that were very quickly deployed into the city,[15] bombarded and destroyed the train in the vicinity of Makupa Station.[21] NMPD Commissioner Kinsler and officer Mike Branley soon arrived on the scene, taking Sadie away from the crowd and headed for a police bunker outside the city.[21]

The Mombasa Tether was shut down, forcing citizens to escape the city on foot or by car.[22]

Over the course of the battle, some civilians took up arms in an attempt to defend their city, joining the Marines under command of a Marine officer.[23] These "militias" were used as a propaganda tool by the NMPD, broadcasting their exploits over PA systems.[22] Though a number of the stories of the militias appear to have been fabricated by Stephen at NMPDHQ, including that of "Harris 'Two-Shot' Kibaki.[24] These militias and armed citizens allowed for most of the people of New Mombasa to evacuate from the city to Old Mombasa using boats destined for other surrounding cities.[25]

More UNSC Marine Corps and UNSC Army units later poured into the region after the initial attack, some of which arriving from Diego Garcia near India.[26]

UNSC insertion[edit]

Sergeant Avery Johnson: "Dear Humanity...we regret being alien bastards. We regret coming to Earth. And we most definitely regret that the Corps just blew up our raggedy-ass fleet!"
Pelican Pilots: "Oo-rah!"
Cortana: "Regret is a name, Sergeant. The name of one of the Covenant's religious leaders. A Prophet. He's on that carrier, and he's calling for help."
— Sgt. Avery Johnson and Cortana discussing a Covenant distress signal, while flying in on a Pelican.[3]
UNSC reinforcements from the UNSC In Amber Clad arrive in New Mombasa.

Some time after the Covenant insertion to the city and the civilian evacuation, the Stalwart-class light frigate UNSC In Amber Clad descended near Mombasa to reinforce the ground troops already present. Intercepted transmission from the Covenant forces lead the UNSC to correctly believe that it was the High Prophet of Regret in command of the opposing force, making his capture their utmost priority. Three Pelicans, one of them with SPARTAN-117 on board, were deployed by the In Amber Clad to reclaim the city and board the Solemn Penance hovering near the Mombasa Tether. However, before they could get near the carrier, the formation ran across a Type-47A Scarab which shot down all of the Pelicans. The first was destroyed by the Scarab's main cannon, the second, carrying Gunnery Sergeant Stacker and an ODST squad, was shot down and landed on the beach. A third carrying Sergeant Major Avery J. Johnson and the Master Chief was hit hard, crashing into a building, upside down.[3]

Over the course of the battle, the Covenant deployed several Scarab assault platforms in both the old and new sections of Mombasa, with many of them targeting the city's space elevator.[27] The UNSC managed to trap and destroy many of them in the narrow streets of the city.[28]


"Here, let me give him my "Welcome to Earth" gift basket."
Walpole, an ODST about to fire on a group of Covenant at Hotel Zanzibar.[29]

Both teams suffered few casualties from their respective crashes. The Spartan's team moved into a nearby bunker while Stacker's team moved up the beach to the Hotel Zanzibar and set up a command post, eliminating several Covenant units in the process. Both teams then waited in their respective locations for extraction.[3]

After Spartan-117 and his allies repelled several waves of Covenant including a pair of Mgalekgolo, a Pelican found the group and gave them coordinates of an extraction point. Commander Miranda Keyes ordered Johnson to regroup with the In Amber Clad so that he could coordinate further deployment of infantry and armor units while the Spartan continued on foot through the city to find the second squad.[3]

A picture of John-117 during the battle taken by Benjamin Giraud.

After fighting his way through multiple alleyways filled with Kig-Yar Snipers, John-117 found and assisted the ODSTs pinned down at Hotel Zanzibar. He then took a Warthog and spearheaded a counterattack, destroying Covenant infantry, armor, and Covenant artillery emplacements on the beaches facing New Mombasa.[3]

John-117 and his makeshift Marine unit entered a blown-out hole in a tunnel where they intercepted and destroyed a Covenant convoy, made up primarily of Type-29 Shadows that had been attempting to rendezvous with the regrouping Covenant ground forces still stationed in that sector of the city. Along the way they engaged and neutralized several barricades the Covenant had assembled to fortify the tunnel network. After the engagement in the tunnels, they advanced towards the bridge connecting Old and New Mombasa. Before the Spartan got there, the Marine unit at the bridge had already exhausted itself fighting the Scarab.[3][5]

The Conduit[edit]

Main article: Operation: WINDOW PANE

As the In Amber Clad's force pressed towards New Mombasa, the Covenant brought the Conduit—a Forerunner device capable of opening slipspace portals—to New Mombasa.[4] A Spirit dropship carrying a data pad with information pertaining to the Conduit was shot down by UNSC forces.[30] When the data pad's relevance to the Conduit was realized by the UNSC, a squad of Orbital Drop Shock Troopers was sent to recover it.[4] Covenant forces awaiting extraction at the crashed Spirit were attacked by the ODST squad and the Sangheili Field Master carrying the data pad was killed. With the data pad, the UNSC used the information gained to pinpoint the location of the Conduit in the city.[31] The ODST squad was directed to a Sangheili task force carrying the Conduit. After a brief engagement, the ODSTs managed to procure the Conduit from the Covenant and the device was delivered to a nearby UNSC convoy.[32]

The Covenant responded by assaulting the convoy with waves of infantry. Though the ODST squad and several Marines attempted to defend the convoy from attacking Covenant forces, a Sangheili Field Master dropped down from his Spirit into the Elephant carrying the Conduit, retrieved the device, and escaped the engagement aboard the dropship. The ODSTs gave chase and,[33] eventually, the Spirit was shot down. The squad located the dropship's crash site and attacked its surviving occupants. When the Field Master and his Kig-Yar bodyguards were eventually eliminated, the Conduit was reclaimed by the UNSC.[34] The ODSTs took the Conduit aboard a Warthog and were ordered to leave the city.[35]

Forerunner glyphs[edit]

A squad during their mission to recover Forerunner intel.

Concurrent with the search for the Conduit, an unidentified ODST squad participated in the battle with orders to retrieve information the Covenant were interested in. Commandeering a Grizzly tank, the squad rescued marines who had recovered an emergency broadcast from a downed AV-14 Hornet, stating that its crew had captured a series of Forerunner glyphs from the Covenant. The squad then trekked their way to the site, recovered the glyphs, and escaped the city before the Solemn Penance jumped into slipspace.[36]

Battling for New Mombasa[edit]

Sergeant Banks: "That thing is really starting to PISS ME OFF! Marines, time to kill us a Scarab!"
Corporal Perez: "It's over here, sir!"
— Sergeant Banks and Corporal Perez talking about a Scarab heading towards the canals in New Mombasa.[5]

The Master Chief arrived at the bridge to assess the situation while Sergeant Johnson reinforced the Marines with weaponry, including a Scorpion tank. The Chief traveled across the bridge with the armored unit, clearing it of both Covenant armored and mechanized forces. These forces included Ghosts, Wraiths, Phantoms, and Banshees.[5]

The Scarab fires upon a Scorpion tank, destroying it instantly.

After the engagement on the bridge, UNSC forces entered New Mombasa in large numbers. They linked up with various squads of Marines as they moved through the city, eliminating Covenant forces that were setting up positions. The Master Chief's team worked their way into the Kilindini Park Cultural Center through the sewer system, and then towards the city center via Shimanzi Road and Beria Plaza, finding that the Scarab had, likewise, taken a similar path.[5][12]

Once in the heart of the industrial zone near the city center, John-117's team found a Marine outpost holed in a corporate building,[Note 1] commanded by Staff Sergeant Banks of "A" Company under siege by a unit of Wraiths. The UNSC forces, with the help of John-117, destroyed the Wraiths, and secured a landing zone for reinforcements. The Pelicans then dropped a platoon of Marine infantry and a Scorpion tank.[5]

The lumbering Scarab appeared from the other end of the plaza the Marine outpost was facing and the Scorpion tank opened fire on it, with no effect. After the Scarab destroyed the tank with its main gun, Marines opened fire on the walker, but it was unaffected and impervious to the weak rounds and climbed over their position and moved into the canals of the city. However, it soon found itself trapped inside of the walls of the canal, giving the Marines a chance to attack it openly with Pelicans.[5]

The Master Chief and A Company followed the Scarab through the canals and the Spartan boarded the walker. While the Marines provided some cover fire, John defeated the forces manning the Scarab walker. After defeating its command crew, he managed to destroy the Scarab from the inside. All Covenant forces soon began retreating to Regret's carrier. The Master Chief was extracted by Sergeant Johnson's Pelican and taken back to In Amber Clad along with the remaining members of A Company.[5]

Regret's withdrawal[edit]

Remi: "Ma'am, without a destination solution—"
Miranda Keyes: "We are not losing that ship!"
— Miranda Keyes ordering the pursuit of the Solemn Penance.[5]
The UNSC In Amber Clad gives chase as Regret's flagship prepares to flee New Mombasa.

The Pelicans carrying Spartan-117 and the Marines entered the In Amber Clad, just as the carrier was preparing to flee. Fleet Admiral Terrence Hood was hesitant to let In Amber Clad engage Regret's assault carrier, still above Mombasa and beside the Mombasa space elevator. He instead opted to call in two heavier vessels to intercept the carrier if it returned to space. However, when the carrier initiated its slipspace drive, preparing to jump while still in the atmosphere, Hood gave the ship the green light to give chase.[5] The UNSC Paris, UNSC Redoutable, and UNSC Coral Sea, and the UNSC Dusk followed in the wake of the slipspace jump, with the latter ship losing contact with its companions in the slipstream.[37]

HEV pods falling into New Mombasa moments before Regret's retreat.

Just before the carrier jumped, remaining ships of the UNSC Home Fleet deployed dozens of SOEIVs down to the city in an effort to infiltrate the carrier, only to be caught by the EMP blast in mid-flight, destroying their navigational and safety systems, plunging them and their Orbital Drop Shock Trooper occupants to almost certain death. It is likely that only one Squad survived, having changed their course away from the carrier at the last moment. Many of the city's buildings were heavily damaged but remained standing, including the Mombasa Tether. The rupture also created a large crater in the mainland, north of New Mombasa, revealing a section of the Forerunner portal.[38] This event would later become referred to as the New Mombasa Slipspace Event, and would lead to the reactivation of the old NATO Outpost C9.[39]

The ODSTs in possession of the Conduit were escaping the city as the nearby Solemn Penance entered slipstream space over Mombasa.[35] When the resulting slipspace rupture engulfed the city, the ODSTs were killed and the Conduit was believed to have been destroyed as well.[40] However, the Conduit entered slipspace to save itself from destruction and arrived at Installation 03.[41]

Covenant reinforcements arrive[edit]

"We need to get above this crap, link up with the bee-net. One of our drones must have seen where they hit."
Edward Buck to Kojo Agu after meeting in Tayari Plaza.
A Phantom dropping troops in New Mombasa just after the Slipspace event.

Large numbers of Covenant troops remained in the city even after Regret's withdrawal. While most of Regret's troops evacuated into the carrier, there was still a significant Covenant presence both on the ground and in orbit. Moments after Regret jumped however, a large fleet of Jiralhanae-led Covenant reinforcements sent by the Prophet of Truth arrived, and seized control of the battle. The remaining Jiralhanae from Regret's forces were simultaneously given orders to execute the Sangheili forces on the ground while the reinforcement fleet would do the same with the remaining Sangheili ships in orbit. During the course of the battle, more and more Covenant reinforcements commanded by the Jiralhanae started arriving at Earth. This was a part of the Prophet of Truth's personal scheme for the Covenant, which would come to its conclusion two weeks later when the Sangheili were officially removed from their positions as the main warrior caste of the Covenant.[6][8]

However, a sizeable number of UNSC Marines and NMPD forces remained in the city. They organized an effective resistance, and fought for control of the city throughout the remainder of the day. The city's Urban Infrastructure AI Superintendent also had a vital role in the defense of the city.

Knocked off their course by the slipspace rupture, two ODST drop pods made rough landings: Gunnery Sergeant Edward Buck's pod in Lumumba, and Captain Veronica Dare's in nearby Tayari Plaza. At this point in the battle, large groups of Brute led forces were being deployed into the city. Buck fought his way to Tayari Plaza to help Dare, killing large numbers of Covenant troops including a Mgalekgolo pair, but upon making it to her pod, he discovered that the Captain had disappeared. Meeting with another of his squad mates and with no idea what his objective was now, Buck took the decision to reunite with his squad and then extract them from the city as fast as possible.[42]

UNSC forces regroup[edit]
"Good hunting, boys... I'm keepin' my boots on the ground."
— ODST Taylor Miles commenting on a Wombat flyover of the Uplift Reserve.[19]
The battle for the Covenant LZ in the Uplift Reserve.

Around thirty minutes after the slipspace event, the UNSC was beginning to regroup, following the orders of a Marine Colonel. The Marines' orders were to reach the Colonel's position near the city center, and take control of Regret's carrier's former landing zone in the Uplift Nature Reserve in an effort to seize an unidentified enemy asset.[19]

Remote-controlled F-99 UCAVs were sent to the city to maintain air supremacy over the Phantoms and Banshees. Meanwhile, Marines at the Uplift Reserve, led by a surviving ODST began to take out Wraiths blocking their way to the rendezvous point. Eventually, the Mombasa Tether, already damaged by the jump, collapsed, with miles of debris from the tether scattered across East Africa. The collapse also killed the Colonel.[19]

Fallback to ONI Alpha Site[edit]

After the UNSC reclaimed the Covenant landing zone in Uplift Reserve, defending the Office of Naval Intelligence's local headquarters became the top priority. Ninety minutes after the slipspace event, Marines began falling back to the building as advancing Covenant Wraith convoys prepared to lay siege to Alpha Site. The Marines were forced to fight through enemy forces in the Boulevard that led to the ONI site before falling back further into the ONI complex.[43]

The Alpha Site is destroyed.

Within the ONI compound, the Marines and the NMPD forces destroyed the bridge leading to the base, in hopes of slowing down the advancing Covenant forces. This did not, however, stop the incoming dropships, but slowed the advance. The human forces fell back to the base's courtyard, which they defended against waves of Covenant attackers, before falling back into the interior of the main building. Again, they fended off multiple waves of Covenant. They then planted explosives inside the complex, to destroy it in order to prevent the Covenant from accessing the Superintendent's data facility deep under the building. The Marines and the police forces evacuated to the roof, where they were picked up by an NMPD Pelican dropship. Once on board, they detonated the explosives and watched as the ONI building was completely destroyed. Six hours later, the building was still burning from the explosions.[44] At the time, the survivors of the siege were unaware that destroying the building had alerted a newly-constructed Yanme'e hive beneath the building in the Superintendent's data facility, making it much more difficult for UNSC forces to reach the data core later on.[45]

Skirmish at NMPD Headquarters[edit]
Dutch, Mickey, and a police officer at the crash site of their D77C-Pelican.

While the Alpha Site was destroyed, Edward Buck and his squad's sniper, Kojo Agu, made their way to the top floors of the NMPD headquarters building, where they were to be picked up by Pelican with two other ODSTs already onboard. However, the dropship was shot down before landing, and it crashed on another rooftop killing the pilot on impact. Buck and Agu fought their way across the rooftops, and eventually reached the crash site, where they fought off waves of attacking Covenant using heavy weapons from the Pelican. Finally, a Jiralhanae Chieftain dropped off from a Phantom, killed an NMPD officer and severely wounded Agu. The squad managed to kill the Chieftain, after which they decided to evacuate through the train tunnels which led into Old Mombasa.[46]

The rainy streets of New Mombasa, reduced to a ghost town.

By nightfall, nearly all human forces in the city had either been evacuated or destroyed. Among the few survivors were the members of Buck's ODST squad, who arrived at Kikowani Station near the city's northeastern seawall, only to realize that the station, as well as its surroundings had been flooded by water, making escape through train tunnels impossible. The squad decided to hijack a Phantom dropship, in which they succeeded. Buck escorted the rest of the squad through the flooded sections of the city in a Banshee. The area was filled with Covenant forces, including a Scarab. After destroying the Scarab, they managed to fly out of the city, when Buck suddenly realized he knew where Captain Dare was and decided to go back to find her, inside the Superintendent's data center. During the battle, arriving Covenant cruisers began excavating the area around the crater created by the slipspace rupture.[47]

Around the same time, a lone ODST only known as "the Rookie", thought dead by the rest of the squad, woke up in his pod, on the edge of a rooftop in Mbaraki. The city was already occupied by the Covenant, with no UNSC resistance left. The Superintendent aided the Rookie to survive in the city and look for clues for what happened to his squad. Upon finding objects related to his squad, he envisioned what had happened to them over the course of the day. After wandering around the city for a while, the Rookie received a distress message from Dare, who was inside the Superintendent's data facility deep under the city. He made his way to a subway entrance, and descended down an elevator shaft, to Sublevel 7 of the data center.[48] At this point, the underground tunnels had become infested with Yanme'e, who had built massive hives in the area.[45]

Extracting the asset[edit]
Veronica Dare: "When did this happen?"
Edward Buck: "They started showing up right before I went underground."
— ONI agent Veronica Dare and ODST Edward Buck viewing a fleet of Covenant ships circling Mombasa.[7]
Dare and the Rookie meet Quick to Adjust, who "saved" Vergil inside the Superintendent's Data Center.

Eventually, the Rookie managed to meet up with Dare inside the Superintendent's Data Center. Inside, they discovered a Huragok called Quick to Adjust,[1] who had combined the Superintendent, namely its Vergil subroutine, with itself. As Quick disconnected from the core, the AI shut itself down, as all of its data had been transferred into the creature. At this point, Buck arrived into the complex and the ODSTs escaped back to the surface through the tunnels filled with Covenant, while protecting the critically important Huragok.[45]

In the final hours of the day, the area was already full of arriving Covenant capital ships. Buck, Dare and the Rookie made their way to the surface, through a Covenant outpost in the city, and eventually took an elevator to the city's Waterfront Highway. They then pushed through the Highway and made a stand at the entrance to Uplift Reserve. The Phantom captured by the rest of the squad arrived and picked them up, and they made it out just as an assault carrier appeared from slipspace and glassed the area.[7]


The Covenant fleet uncovering the Portal.

New Mombasa and Earth[edit]

Immediately after the occupation, more and more Covenant ships started arriving at Earth. They started uncovering the Forerunner structure which would later be revealed to be the Portal to the Ark.[7]

The UNSC would not discover the actual purpose of the Covenant's arrival on Earth until two weeks after the Battle of Installation 05; most of the information was presumably received from the Huragok that had absorbed Vergil's data. By this point, the Prophet of Truth had already arrived in Sol System on the Forerunner Dreadnought with the remainder of his fleet with him.[49][50]

The remnants of New Mombasa were liberated after Truth's fleet retreated to the Ark and were subsequently defeated, with Operation: MARSH FLASH beginning as part of the URNA Southwest Campaign. Years after the war's end, a movement known as "Project Rebirth" emerged to endorse the eventual rebuilding of Mombasa in the aftermath of the War.[9]

Some of the refugees of the battle ended up on the planet Oban.[51]

Solemn Penance and UNSC In Amber Clad[edit]

The Solemn Penance would arrive at Installation 05 on November 3, the Prophet of Regret having learned of the ring's location from the Luminary on Meridian.[52] The assault carrier was followed by In Amber Clad, who deployed a contingent of ODSTs led by John-117 on a mission to capture or kill the Prophet, an objective they would accomplish.[53][54] The Coral Sea, Dusk and Redoubtable all arrived as well, but at different times. The last ship to arrive, the Dusk, appeared in time to witness the outbreak of the Great Schism.[37]

Alpha-Nine, Vergil, and Sadie Endesha[edit]

Alpha-Nine was assigned to guard Quick to Adjust.[55] Eventually, the Huragok was interrogated by Avery Johnson.[49] A transcript of the interrogation of Vergil was given to Terrence Hood in a document titled "Vergil".[56]

A timeline of events in the Battle of Mombasa and the CSV of Edward Buck were compiled for Margaret Parangosky by Black Box titled "First Twelve Hours".[57]

Forerunner glyphs and the Conduit[edit]

In the summer of 2557, nearly five years after the battle, the Forerunner glyphs recovered by several ODSTs in the city were finally decoded, pointing to a region on Gamma Halo containing an unidentified Forerunner machine.[36]


October 20, 2552[edit]

  • 1459 Hours: The CAS-class assault carrier Solemn Penance targets New Mombasa.[57] The carrier slipspace ruptured down to the city,[18] and came to rest over the Uplift Nature Reserve.[19]
  • Between 1459 and 1603 Hours: Solemn Penance drifts towards the New Mombasa Orbital Elevator. John-117 deployed to Old Mombasa[3] and fights into the heart of New Mombasa.[5] Sadie Endesha teams up with Mike Branley and struggles to reach the Mombasa city center and to find her dad Daniel Endesha.[58]
  • 1512 Hours: A T1 asset is exposed to capture or kill.[57]
  • 1557 Hours: Alpha-Five confirms procurement of the Conduit.[57]
  • 1602 Hours: ODST units are dropped from UNSC Say My Name as part of Operation: BUMRUSH.[57]
  • 1603 Hours: Solemn Penance departs from the city via slipspace.[57] UNSC In Amber Clad follows.[5] Alpha-Nine squad members are scattered by the shockwave.[38] Alpha-Five in possession of the Conduit attempt to flee the blast.[35] The blast destroys much of the Superintendent's electronics.[45] Edward Buck crash lands in Lumumba and attempts to meet Veronica Dare at Tayari Plaza. However, he ends up with Kojo Agu.[42]
  • 1624 Hours: Alpha-Five is designated KIA and the Conduit is lost.[57]
  • 1632 Hours: Taylor Miles exits pod in the Uplift Reserve and links up with UNSC forces to secure landing zone. UNSC conducts F-99 Wombat flyovers of the Reserve.[19]
  • 1649 Hours: The Orbital Elevator collapses. Covenant occupy roughly 38% of the city.[57]
  • 1732 Hours: Marines begin retreating and grouping up at a rally point at ONI Alpha Site. Michael Crespo links up with retreating UNSC forces on Kizingo Boulevard.[43]
  • Roughly 1800 Hours: Marines and remaining NMPD officers retreat into the inner walls of the ONI Alpha Site. Road bridge leading to it destroyed. Covenant begin dropping forces off by Phantom.[44]
  • 1852 Hours: Alpha Site is destroyed. Covenant occupy 51% of the city.[57] Michael Crespo and Taylor Miles were extracted to NMPD headquarters.[44]
  • Roughly 1900 Hours: Michael Crespo and Taylor Miles are shot down over a Covenant occupied NMPD HQ. Kojo Agu and Edward Buck rescue and link up with them.[46]
  • Roughly 2100 Hours: Michael Crespo, Taylor Miles, an injured Kojo Agu, and Edward Buck proceed into Kikowani and find transport out of the district.[47]
  • 2141 Hours: Remaining Covenant cruisers begin to group up at Mombasa.[57]
  • Roughly 2200 Hours: The Rookie wakes up in his pod. He begins to search for his squad mates by looking for clues. The Superintendent assists.[48] The Rookie meets Dare at the New Mombasa Data Center.[45]
  • 2215 Hours: Covenant begin excavating the hole the Solemn Penance tore into Old Mombasa.[57]
  • 2227 Hours: Covenant occupation is 78%.[57]
  • 2319 Hours: Veronica Dare reports that she has spotted Vergil.[57]
  • Roughly 2300 Hours: The Rookie, Dare and Buck escort Vergil along the New Mombasa Waterfront Highway.[7]
  • 2324 Hours: Covenant occupation is 94%.[57]
  • 2359 Hours: Vergil is secured.[57]



Naval Assets[edit]

Class Name Status
Marathon-class heavy cruiser UNSC Say My Name Unknown
UNSC destroyer UNSC Brasidas Survived
Stalwart-class light frigate UNSC In Amber Clad Survived

Military personnel[edit]

Branch Rank Name Status
UNSC Navy Captain Veronica Dare Survived
Commander Miranda Keyes Survived
Master Chief Petty Officer John-117 Survived
UNSC Marine Corps Colonel Unknown KIA
Lieutenant Parisa Unknown
Sergeant Major Avery J. Johnson Survived
Gunnery Sergeant Edward Buck Survived
Marcus P. Stacker Survived
Staff Sergeant Banks Survived
Corporal Taylor H. Miles Survived
Palmer Unknown
Perez Survived[Note 2]
Lance Corporal Kojo Agu Survived
Fones Unknown
Morton Unknown
Pineada Unknown
"Rookie" Survived
Private First Class Galliard KIA
Locke KIA
Michael Crespo Survived
Sullivan Unkown
Private Butkus Unknown
Emerson Unknown
Jemison KIA
McKenzie Survived
O'Brien KIA
Walpole Unknown
Unknown Davis Unknown



Name Status
Mike Branley Unknown
Roberto Bustamante KIA
Daniel Endesha KIA
Sadie Endesha Survived
Benjamin Giraud Survived
Marshall Glick KIA
Petra Janecek Survived
Jim Odingo KIA
Tom Uberti KIA
Carlos Wambua KIA
Jonas Unknown
Kinsler KIA
Stephen Unknown
Unnamed Communications Officer Unknown
Unnamed Crone KIA
Unnamed NMPD Officer KIA
Unnamed Commuter Unknown


Naval Assets[edit]

Fleet Class Name Status
Fleet of Sacred Consecration CAS-class assault carrier Solemn Penance Survived

Military personnel[edit]

Branch Rank Name Status
Unknown Shipmaster Rhul 'Salmutee Survived


Branch Rank Name Status
High Council High Prophet Prophet of Regret Survived
Prophet of Truth Survived
Unknown Unknown Quick to Adjust Survived (defected)


  • The multiplayer levels Turf, Terminal, District in Halo 2 and Longshore in Halo 3 take place during the Battle of Mombasa. The Halo 2 level Tombstone apparently takes place late in the battle, (roughly concurrent with Halo 3: ODST) as the city is largely in ruins.
  • Sadie's Story depicts Regret's assault carrier arriving in the city via slipspace. The carrier's descent to the atmosphere is never shown in any other source, but it may have made a short, pinpoint jump to get away from the UNSC forces.
  • Judging by the timeline, New Mombasa was supposed to be over a thousand kilometers further south than Old Mombasa due to geographical latitude placement. This could be an oversight by Bungie due to geographical emplacement; by 1900 hours, near the equator line, the sun has already set, while on the level NMPD HQ, at 1936 hours the sun is still setting.[46][59]


List of appearances[edit]


  1. ^ In the original version of Halo 2, the building was owned by the Mtangulizi Kampuni. However, in Halo 2: Anniversary, this building is now depicted under the ownership of Lethbridge Industrial.
  2. ^ Perez survival is suggested in Quarantine Zone, where Johnson questions McKenzie and Perez regarding the status of their exit.


  1. ^ a b Halo Waypoint - Is there an actual name for Vergil?
  2. ^ Halo 3: ODST, game intro
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Halo 2, campaign level, Outskirts
  4. ^ a b c Halo: Spartan Strike, Operation A: Orphic Spear
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Halo 2, campaign level, Metropolis
  6. ^ a b c Bungie.net: Bungie Weekly Update: 01/23/09
  7. ^ a b c d e Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Coastal Highway
  8. ^ a b c Halo Waypoint, "Ten Twenty" history article
  9. ^ a b McFarlane Toys/Halo Point Prizes, Campaign Master Chief
  10. ^ Halo 2: Anniversary, Terminal 14 - Beholden
  11. ^ Halo Graphic Novel, p. 86-98
  12. ^ a b Halo: Evolutions - Essential Tales of the Halo Universe, "Palace Hotel", p. 367
  13. ^ Sadie's Story, Circle 1, Arc 1
  14. ^ Halo Graphic Novel, Second Sunrise Over New Mombasa
  15. ^ a b Sadie's Story, Circle 1, Arc 3
  16. ^ Halo 2, campaign level, Cairo Station
  17. ^ Halo Graphic Novel, p. 90
  18. ^ a b c Sadie's Story, Circle 1, Arc 2
  19. ^ a b c d e f Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Uplift Reserve
  20. ^ Halo 2, multiplayer map, Terminal level description
  21. ^ a b Sadie's Story, Circle 2, Arc 1
  22. ^ a b Sadie's Story, Circle 5, Arc 2
  23. ^ Halo Graphic Novel, p. 92-93
  24. ^ Sadie's Story, Circle 8, Arc 3
  25. ^ Halo Graphic Novel, p. 97 & 98
  26. ^ Halo Encyclopedia, p. 296 (2011 edition)
  27. ^ Halo: Evolutions - Essential Tales of the Halo Universe, "Palace Hotel", p. 363
  28. ^ Halo 2, multiplayer map, Turf level description
  29. ^ Halo 2: Another Day at the Beach
  30. ^ Halo: Spartan Strike, campaign level, New Mombasa Nightmare
  31. ^ Halo: Spartan Strike, campaign level, On Top of the World
  32. ^ Halo: Spartan Strike, campaign level, Conduit
  33. ^ Halo: Spartan Strike, campaign level, Reversal of Fortune
  34. ^ Halo: Spartan Strike, campaign level, Wounded Quarry
  35. ^ a b c Halo: Spartan Strike, campaign level Last Exit
  36. ^ a b Halo: Spartan Strike, Operation E: Brother’s Keeper
  37. ^ a b Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, Chapter 22
  38. ^ a b Halo 3: ODST, campaign level Prepare To Drop
  39. ^ Halo 3, multiplayer map, High Ground map description
  40. ^ Halo: Spartan Strike, Operation B: Steadfast Pursuit
  41. ^ Halo: Spartan Strike, Operation C: Valiant Hammer
  42. ^ a b Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Tayari Plaza
  43. ^ a b Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Kizingo Boulevard
  44. ^ a b c Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, ONI Alpha Site
  45. ^ a b c d e Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Data Hive
  46. ^ a b c Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, NMPD HQ
  47. ^ a b Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Kikowani Station
  48. ^ a b Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Mombasa Streets
  49. ^ a b Halo 3: ODST, campaign level Coastal Highway
  50. ^ Halo 3
  51. ^ Halo: Envoy, Chapter 16
  52. ^ Halo 2: Anniversary - Terminal "Beholden"
  53. ^ Halo 2, campaign level Delta Halo
  54. ^ Halo 2, campaign level Regret
  55. ^ Halo: New Blood, Chapter 9
  56. ^ Halo Legendary Crate, Vergil
  57. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Halo Legendary Crate, First Twelve Hours
  58. ^ Halo 3: ODST, "Sadie's Story"
  59. ^ Halo Timeline year 2552, 2552