|There is more information available on this subject at Mombasa on the English Wikipedia.|
Mombasa is a city in the Kenyan portion of the East African Protectorate on Earth. The heart of the city was the prosperous New Mombasa on Mombasa Island. The nearby mainland was the site of Old Mombasa, a comparatively run-down district.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
- 6 Known Residents
- 7 Gallery
- 8 List of appearances
- 9 Notes
- 10 Sources
The exact founding date of the city is unknown, but it has a long history. It must have been already a prosperous trading town in the 12th century, as one of its earliest mentions is from 1151. Mombasa had always been an important port of the Indian Ocean trade routes and was captured and recaptured countless times by a variety of powers including Portugal, the United Kingdom, and various Arab forces. This violent history led to its Swahili nickname "Kisiwa Cha Mvita," or "Island of War." The city became part of the independent nation of Kenya in the 20th century. During this era, Mombasa became a tourist destination, boasting numerous resorts and clean white beaches. It was also important as a port city, connecting East Africa to the Indian Ocean.
Mombasa underwent dramatic change with the arrival of the interstellar era. In response to increasing demand for cheap orbital access, due to its economic stability and prominent location, Mombasa was chosen to be Earth's first Space Elevator city. The government began construction on one of the wonders of the age: a space elevator (Mombasa's proximity to the equator made it an ideal location) in 2302. This structure served to lift heavy cargo into geosynchronous orbit without expensive booster rockets filled with fuel.
Over the next eleven years the city experienced explosive growth, but nothing compared to what followed. The city grew out as well as up, its urban sprawl unequaled throughout the continent.
Mombasa would change dramatically within the centuries that followed. By 2430, New Mombasa had absorbed the entire island and many of the surrounding towns, which became overrun by residents of Mombasa. The switch of name was never official, and though many of the neighborhoods within direct line of sight to the Mombasa Tether still distributed newspapers and Chatter directories under their previous names, all municipalities within a 74 km radius of the island became referred to as "Old Mombasa."
- Main article: Battle of Mombasa
On October 20, 2552, a small group of Covenant capital ships arrived at Earth. Uninformed of the Human presence on Earth, Regret was outnumbered and outgunned against the UNSC Home Fleet. During the orbital battle, the Prophet of Regret's Flagship broke through Earth's defenses and descended to the atmosphere, and anchored itself above New Mombasa. The Covenant started deploying their ground forces to the city, in search of a Forerunner relic, the Ark Portal, buried under the city.
However, due to a strong UNSC counterattack and the inferior numbers of the Covenant, Regret ordered all of his forces to be evacuated back aboard the Carrier. After this, the ship jumped into slipspace just above the city, releasing a shockwave and pulling multiple city blocks from the mainland with it. This event became known as the "New Mombasa Slipspace Event." In the hours after Regret's retreat, a larger Covenant fleet arrived at Earth. After sending in ground forces and crushing the remaining UNSC resistance in the city, they glassed the area in order to uncover the Portal. In the final days of the Battle for Earth, only smoldering ruins of Mombasa remained.
Following the end of the war, the Unified Earth Government began Project Rebirth to rehabilitate war torn areas on Earth. At some point, the Project started work in Mombasa. The old city hall thoroughfare for Mombasa was to be transformed into the UNSC Memorial Park.
Mombasa Island, where the metropolis of New Mombasa lies, is separated from the mainland by two creeks: Tudor Creek to the north and Kilindini Harbour to the south. Northwest of the island and between the inlets, there used to be a large peninsula, connected to the Mombasa island by the Makupa Causeway.[note 1]
- Main article: Old Mombasa
- Main article: New Mombasa
The City Center spans much of the Southeast portion of the island, being divided in multiple walled sectors.[note 2]
While the majority of New Mombasa has been divided to numbered sectors, some districts such as Mbaraki, Kizingo or Kikowani still retain their original names. The original names are often seen in the names of streets or train stations, for example. Some of the districts' names have changed, albeit slightly; areas originally referred to as Tangana and Liwatoni are now referred to as Tanaga and Liwitoni, respectively. The locations of some districts have changed as well. This is the case with most of the districts on the southern side of the island, where the sea has claimed large areas of land.
The economy of Mombasa is vast, ranging from interstellar/multi-planetary corporations of varying sectors to smaller local Earth businesses.
Corporations in city
The architecture of the city is different depending on the location. Old Mombasa's architecture was an odd hodgepodge of old and new: 16th-century Muslim arcades, aging 21st-century office buildings, looming 26th-century power couplings, old concrete homes secured with computerized locks. Clotheslines strung next to power lines, and mechanical gates set into ancient brick walls. In some areas, newer skyscrapers had found their home.
The culture also seems displaced between the different parts of the city; while New Mombasa was populated with industrial workers and ambitious cosmopolitans, Old Mombasa was considered to be more of an old rundown slum that deteriorates by the day. The denizens of the old city were largely isolated from the residents of New Mombasa; even their dialect was completely different from the standard language.
- Sadie Endesha
- Daniel Endesha
- Mike Branley
- Roberto Bustamante
- Jim Odingo
- Marshall Glick
- Carlos Wambua
- Tom Uberti
- Melody Azikiwe
- Communications Duty Officer
- Unnamed NMPD Officer
- Melody Azikiwe
Mombasa area after the Battle of Mombasa.
Maps and Overviews
List of appearances
- I love bees (First mentioned)
- Halo 2 (First appearance)
- Halo Graphic Novel
- Halo: Ghosts of Onyx (Mentioned only)
- Halo 3
- Halo 3: ODST
- Halo: Evolutions
- Halo: Reach
- Halo: Spartan Strike
- Halo: New Blood
- Hunt the Truth (Mentioned only)
- Halo: Spartan Strike
- Halo Mythos
- Halo: Legacy of Onyx (Mentioned only)
- Halo: Bad Blood (Mentioned only)
- Halo: Renegades
- This landmass was shown to be covered by water in Halo 3: ODST. This could be explained by the dramatic climbing of sea levels due to global warming, whose results are evident throughout Mombasa. Or by the creation of an artificial seaway that reaches further inland. It's also possible that this simply wasn't created for the in-game area as the only way to see that far west is in Panoramic Camera Mode
- In Sadie's Story, multiple areas seen in the ODST campaign are referred to as the city center. This includes Kikowani Station (Audio log 1, Circle 1, Arc 1), ONI Alpha Site and the New Mombasa Data Center (Audio log 8, Circle 3, Arc 2), the NMPD Headquarters (Audio log 24, Circle 8, Arc 3), and the area in which the Solemn Penance arrived at (Audio log 3, Circle 1, Arc 3).
- Bungie.net: Field Guide entry: New Mombasa
- Halo 2, campaign level, Outskirts
- Halo 2, campaign level, Metropolis
- Mombasa on Wikipedia
- Halo Waypoint, "Space Elevator" article (Archived on Archive.org)
- Halo Waypoint: Superintendent
- Halo Graphic Novel, "Second Sunrise Over New Mombasa"
- Halo 3, multiplayer map, High Ground
- Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Coastal Highway
- Halo 3, campaign level, Tsavo Highway
- Halo: Legacy of Onyx, Chapter 2
- McFarlane Toys/Halo Point Prizes, Master Chief Statue Press Release
- Halo Waypoint: New Mombasa
- Bungie.net, An Affinity for Art
- Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Mombasa Streets
- Halo 2: Anniversary, campaign level, Outskirts
- Halo 2, multiplayer map, Terminal
- Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, NMPD HQ
- Halo: Reach, multiplayer map, Breakneck