NOVA bomb

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NOVA bomb
Production overview

Manufacturer:

UNSC

Type:

Specialized nuclear weapon

Specifications

Ammunition type:

Nuclear warheads encased in lithium triteride

Operation:

Multiple nuclear fusion explosives amplified by hardened case

Effective range:

Extremely large blast radius

Service history
 
"This is the prototype NOVA bomb, nine fusion warheads encased in lithium triteride armor. When detonated, it compresses its fissionable material to neutron-star density, boosting the thermonuclear yield a hundredfold. I am Vice Admiral Danforth Whitcomb, temporarily in command of the UNSC military base Reach. To the Covenant uglies that might be listening, you have a few seconds to pray to your damned heathen gods. You all have a nice day in hell..."
Vice Admiral Danforth Whitcomb's recording on the NOVA bomb, right before it is activated in the space adjacent to the planet Joyous Exultation.

The NOVA bomb is a nuclear explosive device used by the United Nations Space Command. It contains a very high-yield combination of nine nuclear fusion warheads, which can create a blast capable of breaking a small planet into pieces.[1] It is quite possibly the most destructive weapon utilized by either side in the Human-Covenant War.

Background[edit]

The NOVA bomb is a cluster of nine nuclear fusion warheads encased in a lithium triteride case. When the warheads are activated, the lithium triteride shell focuses the blast in upon itself, multiplying the destructive power by a hundred times. This gives the NOVA bomb an unprecedented payload for its size; the bombs are considered "planet killers" due to their destructive potential.[1]

The NOVA bomb has been used in two known engagements: in orbit over the planet Joyous Exultation, and on the surface of the planet Glyke.[2] In both cases, the effects were extreme. When the bomb was detonated above Joyous Exultation, it heated the planet's atmosphere, scorched one quarter of its surface and shattered a nearby moon. When detonated directly on a planet's surface—as was the case on Glyke—the explosion's power was enough to disrupt the planet's structure and overcome the binding energy of its gravity, turning it into a vast cloud of debris and killing every living thing in, on, and around the planet almost instantly.[2]

Any further detailed analysis on the full power of this bomb has yet to be mentioned, but it is known that it is the most destructive weapon in the UNSC's arsenal.

History[edit]

It was intended for the NOVA bomb to be used in space against the Covenant fleet during the Battle of Reach. The remaining NOVA bombs were left on Reach and "re-purposed" by Admiral Whitcomb. His reasoning was that "either the Covenant pack those bombs up and take them home for study, a possibility that I hope to God happens. A bomb like that could crack their homeworld in two. Or, the bombs stay here and they'll stop the Covenant on Reach..."[1]

The first documented triggering of a NOVA bomb occurred when it was accidentally detonated by a group of Huragok stationed on the Covenant supercarrier Sublime Transcendence. Immediately after Kwassass, a fellow crew member, deciphered Admiral Whitcomb's message, the Huragok, through their curiosity and frenzied obsession, fixed the circuitry of the bomb, detonating it despite Kwassass's attempts to stop them. The Huragok completed the detonation timer's circuit, which promptly resulted in its activation. The resulting explosion occurred between a Covenant outpost planet Joyous Exultation and its moon, Malhiem, scorching half of the planet and shattering the moon. The resulting winds on Joyous Exultation flattened cities and spawned tidal waves. Radiation flooded the planet and killed everything living on it, penetrating the surface of the planet to its core. Every ship within the NOVA bomb's range, save for those on the opposite side of the planet, boiled and vaporized in an instant. The explosion was described as though "a small star had erupted between Joyous Exultation and its moon."[3]

The NOVA bomb explosion completely destroyed three-fifths of the fleet that was there, totaling over 300 ships. Eighteen destroyers, two cruisers, one carrier and the flagship Incorruptible escaped the NOVA bomb explosion due to a Slipspace jump en masse just moments prior to the explosion. Other ships arrived to reinforce the Incorruptible arrived from Joyous Exultation, suggesting that they escaped the bomb's detonation as a result of being positioned on the opposite side of the planet.

During the Battle of Earth, ONI initiated Operation: SUNSPEAR and forwarded a high priority message to the Spartans of Gray Team, declaring "Condition: Endgame" under which they were to execute the detonation of a NOVA bomb on the surface of the Covenant colony world of Glyke, a major military production center home to billions of Sangheili. Deploying from the UNSC Vacuna, Gray Team made landfall and activated the warhead on the planet's surface. Once out of range the NOVA bomb was detonated, destroying the planet and all life on its surface.[2]

During the Battle of Installation 05, and the subsequent quarantine of the Installation and High Charity, Cortana requested that UNSC HIGHCOM deploy a NOVA bomb around Installation 05, to stop the outbreak of the Flood, and High Charity, in order to destroy the Covenant holy capital.[4] However, it is apparent that this request was not granted, as High Charity was not bombed and later landed on Installation 00.

Theory[edit]

The NOVA bomb's explosive power is quickly depleted due to the lack of particles or atmosphere around it if detonated in space. This results in a much quicker release of energy (in the form of radiation and electromagnetic pulse) over a much wider area, with the possibility of even further multiplying its damage to ships, planets, moons, and other celestial objects which are not adequately shielded from these effects. However if detonated inside a planet's atmosphere, a portion of the total energy generated would be dispersed throughout the atmosphere in the form of a shock wave. The density as well as composition of the atmosphere are the largest contributing factors when determining how much energy is dispersed. Even though the EXACT power of the NOVA Bomb is not mentioned in the book, a low end can be calculated:


Assumptions: the moon is 2km, and the NOVA bomb is only 5,000 km away, in low orbit.

Calc: Apply the Inverse Squared Law: Source Energy / (4 * Pi * R2) the radius is the distance from the source to the range.

x/ (4 * 3.14195... * 5,0002) = 4 Megatons per square kilometer to fragment a 2km moon which requires 8 Megatons to be fragmented.

x = 1.2 Petatons - equivalent to 1.2 billion megatons

Some may find this yield hard to believe for a fusion device, even one as large as the NOVA, but the stated effects to the planet and nearby moon require explosive power of this magnitude. Whitcomb does mention, however, that the lithium triteride cases are compressed to "neutron star density" during the detonation, implying that the warheads themselves boost a second, much larger fusion reaction.

In Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, the detonation of the NOVA bomb was noted to have caused "300-kilometer-per-hour winds" to sweep over Joyous Exaultation. Using data from nuclear testing calculated for ideal shock fronts, if Joyous Exaultation had atmospheric pressures and elemental composition similar to that of Earth (highly likely, as it was a Covenant colony planet, with the majority of Covenant species breathing Earth-like atmospheres), a 300 kph wind velocity corresponds to a peak overpressure of 6 psi (31.4 kpa) and a peak dynamic pressure of 0.85 psi (5.9 kpa)

For comparative purposes, using the formula of yield equivalence for nuclear weapons, EMt = n * Y ^ (2/3), where "EMt" is the equivalent yield, "n" is the number of warheads, and "Y" is the actual yield of each individual weapon in megatons, the NOVA bomb has a yield equivalence of:

"Little Boy" -first atomic bomb, dropped on Hiroshima, Japan; Yield = ~15 kilotons

(1,200,000,000 Mt ^ (2/3)) / (.015 Mt ^ (2/3)) = 18,566,355

18,566,355 Hiroshima-style fission bombs

or

"Tsar Bomba" - largest nuclear weapon ever tested; Yield = ~50 megatons

(1,200,000,000 Mt ^ (2/3)) / (50 Mt ^ (2/3)) = 83,203

83,203 Tsar Bomba thermonuclear bombs.

Fireball radius = ~4204km Blast radius = ~60000km

Trivia[edit]

The NOVA bomb shares its name with a weapon mentioned in the novel Starship Troopers, wherein it is described as "being able to split a planet in half." It is likely that this inspired the Halo universe's own NOVA bomb. A superweapon by the name of "Nova bomb" was also featured in the science fiction series Gene Roddenberry's Andromeda. The 'Nova Bomb' is also the name of a super ability in Bungie's Destiny franchise, that has the player launch a powerful explosive projectile at enemies.

List of appearances[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Halo: First Strike, page 180
  2. ^ a b c Halo: Envoy
  3. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 244
  4. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 183