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An illustration of Lucy.
Biographical information




January 28, 2533[2][1]

Personal details






  • 160 centimeters (5 ft 3 in)[1][3]
  • More than 177 centimeters (5 ft 10 in) (with armor)[4][Note 1]


80.3 kilograms (177 lb)[1]

Hair color:


Eye color:

Dark brown[5][6]

Political and military information



Petty officer, second class (formerly)[5]

Service number:



Spartan Lucy-B091, born Lucy Williams,[1] is a Spartan-III supersoldier of Beta Company.[7] One of the two survivors of the disastrous Operation: TORPEDO, she suffered from posttraumatic vocal disarticulation for years as a result of witnessing her unit's destruction.[8] She and her fellow Beta Company survivor Tom-B292 subsequently served as Lieutenant Commander Kurt Ambrose's aides and trainers for SPARTAN-III Gamma Company and fought in the Onyx Conflict in late 2552.[5] After a stint of service in the field as members of Blue Team, Lucy and Tom took up instructor duties in the new Spartan Operations branch, before moving on to serve as security for the Onyx United Research Project in 2554.


Childhood and training[edit]

"Nuts to this."
— An impatient Lucy preparing to charge a set of gun turrets head-on rather than wait to come up with a plan during a training exercise[9]

Lucy Williams was born on the human colony of Kholo on January 28, 2533.[1][2] During her childhood, Lucy's family had a pet cat.[10] She would also later recall a faint memory of a horse.[11] At some point during her childhood, Lucy was orphaned, likely during the Covenant's glassing of her homeworld in 2539.[12] In 2539 or early 2540,[13][1][Note 2] Lucy was offered to join the SPARTAN-III program to get revenge on the Covenant. Distraught, she accepted the offer and was initiated into Beta Company.[14]

She was trained by Lieutenant Commander Kurt Ambrose and Senior Chief Petty Officer Franklin Mendez at Camp Currahee on Onyx for six years. Lucy—along with Adam-B004, Min-B174, and Tom-B292—became Team Foxtrot, one of the organized Spartan-III combat teams in Beta Company.[7] On August 24, 2541, Lucy and the rest of Team Foxtrot participated in one of a series of exercises meant to filter out extra candidates the program lacked funds to train. Lucy and Tom appropriated automated M202 XP machine guns and with the help of the rest of their team, completed the objective. However, they continued to ambush several waves of their instructors before being forced to stand down by Chief Mendez and Lieutenant Commander Ambrose. Kurt commended them for their actions and they were accepted for further training and eventually Spartan augmentation.[15]

Operation: TORPEDO[edit]

"How are you sure we're alive?"
— Lucy's last words to Tom, until 2553[8]

On July 3, 2545, Lucy and the rest of Beta Company were sent on Operation: TORPEDO to destroy a Covenant refinery on Pegasi Delta, a natural satellite of 51 Pegasi B in the 51 Pegasi system.[16] Before the mission, Lieutenant Commander Ambrose had intended for Lucy and SPARTAN-B170 to be deployed in advance for long-term reconnaissance, though this attempt ultimately failed and she was sent in along with the main assault force.[17] The majority of the company was killed before reaching the refinery, but Team Foxtrot managed to get to the refinery's reactor core. They destroyed the reactor, and only Lucy and Tom managed to survive by jumping into the ocean nearby, sparing them from the immense heat. After a failed search for survivors, they escaped the moon aboard a Black Cat-class subprowler.[8]

Although the mission ended up as a 'success', only Lucy and Tom survived the battle. Adam and Min never made it, killed by the Covenant and a reactor, respectively. Lucy, traumatized by the incident, was diagnosed with posttraumatic vocal disarticulation, rendering her unable to speak.[8] Because of this, she was to be classified as "unfit for duty," and reassigned to the Office of Naval Intelligence's psych branch for "psychological evaluation". Kurt Ambrose rescued her from this fate, along with Tom, convincing Vice Admiral Margaret Parangosky that he needed Spartan-IIIs to train the next company of Spartans. Over the next several years, Lucy and Tom became Kurt's adjutants and were instrumental in the training of the third generation of Spartan-IIIs, Gamma Company. They stayed at Camp Currahee and helped in the training until 2552. By early 2551, Lucy and Tom held the rank of Petty Officer Second Class. In February 2551, they accompanied Kurt aboard UNSC Hopeful to oversee Gamma Company's augmentations. By then they had recently spent significant time in microgravity which was noticeable from their gaits. Kurt noted that she and Tom had spent so much time in their Semi-Powered Infiltration armor armor he had difficulty recognizing them without the suits on.[5]

Onyx Conflict[edit]

"You two didn't survive Pegasi Delta to die here. There's too much left for you to do."
— Kurt Ambrose convincing Lucy and Tom to leave him[18]

When the Onyx Conflict broke out in late October 2552 with Onyx Sentinels attacking the humans on the planet, Lucy and Tom were based in Camp Currahee. After destroying one of the Sentinels in the camp, they met with Lieutenant Commander Ambrose and SCPO Mendez.[19] Lucy accompanied Kurt to retrieve ordnance from his personal armory where he briefly contemplated on donning his old MJOLNIR armor, revealing to Lucy—to her great surprise—that the lieutenant commander was a SPARTAN-II.[20] They subsequently moved to El Morro Point and, after several days of guerrilla warfare against the Sentinels, met with Dr. Catherine Halsey and Blue Team. Lucy and Tom subsequently coordinated with Linda-058 to destroy a Sentinel overlooking the area,[21] before the group pushed deeper into the restricted Zone 67 and made their way into an excavated Forerunner city.[22] Pursued by Covenant forces, they were redirected to destroy a Sentinel manufacturing facility by Zone 67's ONI AI Endless Summer. The Spartans successfully destroyed the factory in an operation coordinated by Dr. Halsey via the use of local translocation nodes, with Lucy and Tom moving ahead of the others to destroy one of the facility's core components.[23]

After retrieving Team Katana, who had been placed in slipspace field pods, the group pushed on to Onyx's core room antechamber where they prepared to make a last stand against the incoming Covenant army to prevent them from accessing the slipspace portal into the shield world. After all of the other survivors had retreated into the portal, Lucy and Tom were the last to remain at Kurt's side. At first, she and Tom were adamant not to leave their mentor behind, but Kurt knocked Tom unconscious and managed to convince a reluctant Lucy into entering the slipspace rift. Before leaving, Lucy made a respectful gesture with two fingers to Kurt's faceplate but only managed a half-choked cry when attempting to verbally express her farewell.[18] She and Tom were the last to go through, before Kurt detonated two FENRIS nuclear warheads, denying the Covenant access to the shield world.[24]

Shield world[edit]

Several hours after their entry into the shield world, Lucy was part of the recon team consisting of Frederic-104, Linda-058, Mark-G313, and Ash-G099.[25] Along the way to the Forerunner structure her team was able to find food of some kind. The teams regrouped at a pair of Forerunner structures and after Dr. Halsey found the entrance to one of the structures, Lucy was the first inside. She found herself in a room with a strange, light-absorbent quality. The unexpected lack of sensory stimuli caused Lucy to have a sudden flashback of Operation: TORPEDO and she started to panic, only to be calmed down by Tom.[26] Shortly later, she spotted something moving down a corridor and chased after it. Anxious to find what she was chasing after, she continued on looking and got separated from the rest of the team by falling into a Forerunner hangar.[27]

In the room, she discovered what she had noticed earlier: a Huragok, which she accidentally killed.[28] Three other Huragok were present, and started to mourn the loss of one of their own. In order to get them to help her, she showed them her helmet. One of the Huragok—Prone to Drift—attempted to communicate with Lucy by tampering with the helmet's systems but, after several failed attempts at contact, Prone to Drift and the other Huragok led Lucy to a nearby maintenance room.[29] Here, Lucy and Prone to Drift managed to communicate with each other using a data terminal; she learned that the alien's name and that the Huragok had access to communications with the outside of the sphere and thus might be able to help the human survivors escape.[30] They also revealed that the passage of time inside the slipspace bubble the sphere occupied was different from that in normal space, and that the utility area Lucy had fallen into was located within another slipspace pocket where time elapsed considerably faster than in the rest of the sphere.[31] The Huragok then led Lucy to the other human survivors, who were relieved to see her as she had been gone for days in their time.[32] Dr. Halsey immediately began questioning Prone to Drift and became increasingly agitated as the Huragok failed to provide her answers or allow them to establish contact with the outside in accordance with their instructions. When Halsey began threatening Prone to Drift, Lucy had a sudden emotional outburst and attacked Halsey, repeatedly screaming "No!", overcoming her posttraumatic vocal disarticulation.[33] However, her ability to speak normally was not immediately restored although she managed to speak several individual words afterward.[34]

Soon after, the humans managed to convince the Huragok to open communications to the ONI ships outside the slipspace bubble.[35] Lucy and the other survivors were then taken aboard prowler UNSC Port Stanley by the ONI team Kilo-Five, and were transported to Sydney, Australia on Earth for a debriefing in HIGHCOM Facility Bravo-6.[36] Despite being offered the chance to integrate into the SPARTAN-IV program,[37] Lucy, Tom, and the Team Saber survivors continued to serve with Blue Team in the coming months.[38]

Conflict on Gao[edit]

Main article: Operation: JOVIAN WHISTLE

In May 2553, the Office of Naval Intelligence learned of a Forerunner structure host to an ancilla located within the Montero Cave System on the human Outer Colony of Gao in the Cordoba system. Lucy and the rest of Blue Team—Fred, Kelly, Linda, Tom, Ash, Olivia, and Mark—were attached to ONI's 717th Xeno-Materials Exploitation Battalion, a research battalion charged with recovering the AI.[39] Meanwhile, a string of murders had been occurring in the cave systems; the UNSC forces on Gao agreed to help the Ministry of Protection with the murders while they covertly located the AI, both parties unaware that the murders were caused by the ancilla. After another victim had been discovered in the caves, Lucy, Tom, Kelly, and Linda were tasked with escorting the GMoP team and the bagged victim back to the village of Wendosa, while the rest of Blue Team continued to search for the ancilla.[40]

Upon arriving at Wendosa on July 4, 2553, the Spartans attempted to deliver the victim to a Pelican dropship for extraction. However, the four Spartans were spotted by members of the Keepers of the One Freedom, a radical Covenant sect that had traveled to Gao in search for the ancilla. The cult's Jiralhanae leader, Castor, believed that the bagged victim aboard the Pelican was actually the ancilla and ordered his forces to attack Wendosa to retrieve the AI.[41][42] As the Keepers of the One Freedom attacked the village, Lucy and the other Spartans helped Charlie Company defend the rest of the research battalion. While the company took a defensive position in Hotel Wendosa, Lucy and the Spartans formed a skirmish ring around the hotel, attempting to disrupt enemy formations and prevent a Jiralhanae charge.[43]

Fred, the rest of Blue Team, and Special Inspector Veta Lopis arrived at the village with the captured ancilla to aid the company. Meanwhile, while Kelly and Linda fired explosives at the Keepers from the Wendosa rooftops, Lucy and Tom—armed with heavy machine guns—were helping force the cult's forces back into retreat.[44] When the Jiralhanae attempted to charge at the village, all Spartans of Blue Team worked together to thin their numbers. During the attack, Fred was ordered to return the captured ancilla to Commander Murtag Nelson at the Montero Vitality Clinic. However, while leaving Wendosa in a Falcon, the aircraft was shot down by Keeper fire.[45] The rest of Blue Team regrouped and, with Lopis, traveled to the Falcon's crash site to locate Fred and the AI. The team was assaulted by the Keepers, but they were eventually able to defeat the charging Jiralhanae with the help of the battalion's Alpha Company. Having recovered Fred and the ancilla, the team returned to the Montero Vitality Clinic.[46] However, recently elected President of Gao Arlo Casille declared war on the UNSC forces on the planet and Gao battle-jumpers and MV-29 Wyverns were ordered to engage the battalion's remaining forces.

As the rest of the unit began retreating from the planet, the Spartans and Lopis traveled to the Well of Echoes to detonate a HAVOK tactical nuclear weapon inside to destroy the Forerunner installation within the Montero Caves, denying the anti-UNSC president access to the installation.[47] Once they retrieved the ancilla and the nuke, Blue Team and Lopis regrouped in the Montero Jungle. Lucy and Tom both drove the two Warthogs, with the rest of the team aboard, to the Well of Echoes.[48] Upon arriving at the Well of Echoes, the team boarded a nearby ONI D102 Owl with Rear Admiral Serin Osman aboard. Mark dropped the nuke into the Well of Echoes and the Owl left the planet as the HAVOK detonated and destroyed the Forerunner installation.[49] As the Owl traveled to the UNSC task force in Gao's orbit, Osman revealed that the Gamma Company Spartan-IIIs in Blue Team were to be officially designated KIA and reassigned to a classified ONI Ferret Team. Despite her initial reluctance to the plan, Lucy and the rest of Blue Team gave their "permission".[50]

Training the Spartan-IVs[edit]

Art of Lucy-B091 from the 2022 edition of the Halo Encyclopedia (2022 edition). Image from Canon Fodder #117.
Following the mission on Gao and her induction in the Spartan branch, Lucy started wearing the Mjolnir GEN2 armor.

Tom: "This is insane. It can't possibly work."
Lucy: "Not even going to try?"
— Tom and Lucy on their impromptu plan to save Jun.[13]

Lucy and Tom left Blue Team to serve as instructors in the recently established Spartan Operations branch in August 2553.[51] They were subsequently assigned under Commander Musa-096 and tasked with training Spartan-IV recruits on the program's top-secret training station. During this time, they were issued with Mjolnir armor for the first time and underwent extensive acclimation training with the new armor system.[13]

On March 29, 2554, Lucy and Tom were in their office reviewing the performance of the new Spartan-IV class when an explosion rocked the station, causing the section they were in to lose gravity. As the pair attempted to assess the situation, Lucy noticed Jun-A266 and the rogue Spartan-IV recruit Rudolf Schein fighting outside in space, having been blasted out during Schein's attempt to sabotage the station. Jun was able to break from Schein's grip and kick off from the rogue Spartan's chest, sending Schein deeper into space—and Jun back towards the station. At once, Lucy prompted Tom to an airlock where he, attached to a tether, launched himself into space without a vacuum suit to rescue Jun. Lucy held onto the tether to control Tom's path and he finally managed to grab hold of Jun. She was able to pull both of them inside the airlock safely, though all three Spartans had to be treated in the infirmary for several days due to their exposure to raw vacuum.[13]

Return to Onyx[edit]

After Lucy and Tom had recovered from the incident, Musa visited them in their office with Jun and offered them a job working as security at the Onyx United Research Project on Trevelyan. While both were initially reluctant due to the Sangheili presence there, they eventually accepted.[13]

Upon arrival at Trevelyan, they were greeted by Franklin Mendez, who they learned was assigned as head of security for the research settlements. Shortly afterward, they were joined by Kasha 'Hilot, a female Sangheili who was working as Mendez's second-in-command of security. While Lucy was hostile toward the Sangheili, Tom's reaction was more restrained. Attempting to defuse the tension, Mendez took Lucy to find transportation while Tom conversed with Kasha. Lucy and Mendez returned to find Kasha under assault by a UNSC soldier bitter about the war, with Tom having defended the Sangheili. Mendez promptly ordered the soldier and a group of his cohorts to leave the shield world. Kasha thanked them for teaching the soldiers a lesson, and was comforted knowing that not all humans there wanted to kill the Sangheili.[13]

Second Onyx conflict[edit]

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Personality and traits[edit]

Kelly-087: "She strikes me as the unkillable sort."
CPO Mendez: "Yeah. She's a survivor."
— Exchange between Kelly-087 and CPO Mendez regarding Lucy[52]

Lucy is tenacious and resourceful, and Lieutenant Commander Kurt Ambrose implicitly trusted her and Tom-B292 as his aides both in the training of Gamma Company and in live combat.[53][53] During her training, Lucy and Tom were both remarkably lively and fierce; CPO Mendez remarked that their toughness scared even him.[54] Lucy can be rather persistent and seems to favor spontaneous, direct solutions to problems.[9]

She is very compassionate and was greatly upset by the deaths of every one of her comrades; Beta Company's demise traumatized her to the point she ceased speaking completely and caused her to develop severe survivor's guilt.[55][56] During Operation: TORPEDO she initially refused to accept Min-B174's abrupt death though Tom was able to snap her out of her shock, allowing the two to escape the destruction of the Covenant refinery. Years later, however, Kurt was able to convince Lucy to leave him behind at the conclusion of the Onyx Conflict.[18] She was very protective of the Gamma Company Spartans she had helped train: when Admiral Serin Osman announced that the Gamma Spartans in Blue Team would be rendered KIA after the mission on Gao, she was prepared to unsheathe her combat knife before Osman explained the nature of the younger Spartans' reassignment.[50]

Because of her background as a war orphan Lucy harbors a resentment of the Sangheili, and expressed considerable discomfort about working with them at the Onyx United Research Project. She was initially antagonistic to Kasha 'Hilot, though she appeared to have calmed somewhat upon Mendez's harsh dismissal of the soldiers who had harassed the Sangheili. Her hatred of the Covenant did not extend to the Huragok; she was greatly distraught after she accidentally killed one of the Engineers in the shield world and quickly befriended Prone to Drift.[57] She also held reservations about fighting fellow humans.[13]

Lucy would stay completely silent for seven years due to her posttraumatic vocal disarticulation, only producing faint and indistinct sounds on some occasions, such as upon being intensely surprised.[20] The condition was entirely psychological; Lucy was physically capable of speaking but over time, it became more and more difficult for her to express her traumatic experiences. Even though there were times when she wanted to speak Lucy felt that "her head was full of things that nobody else would understand or want to hear" so she would stay silent.[58] After years of silence, she found that she had thoroughly forgotten how to speak even when she desperately wanted to,[59] such as when attempting to say goodbye to Kurt.[18][60] Lucy had stopped subvocalizing or thinking in coherent language altogether and as a result she struggled to express herself through writing as well.[61] She would scribble short notes—including basic coordinates—but had stopped writing more complex information such as full sentences.[62]

Despite her condition, Lucy would still communicate by signing,[20] Spartan signals, Morse code,[61] and other forms of gesture-based communication. Additionally, she and Tom developed an extensive private sign language to communicate more effectively.[13] The UNSC personnel on Onyx could still understand her due to their experience in working together,[63] and she was easily capable of operating with the Spartan-IIs because of their already extensive use of nonverbal communication.[64] While she regained the ability to speak during the events in the shield world, she would remain relatively untalkative, only speaking on significant occasions and in a slow and considered manner,[65] preferring to use hand signals or other gestures whenever possible.[66]

Having endured through multiple hardships together, Lucy-B091 and Tom-B292 share a close bond. As children, the two would sometimes scuffle over disagreements though they became close friends and an effective team;[67] this became more pronounced after they were left as the sole survivors of Beta Company and became Kurt's assistants and senior instructors for Gamma Company.[5][68] Tom was always able to understand Lucy in spite of her muteness[58] and acted as her more communicative counterpart when it was necessary for the duo to interact with others verbally or over COM, for example.[69]

Physical description[edit]

Lucy is one of the smallest Spartan-IIIs. At age 12, at the time of Operation: TORPEDO, she was only 160 centimeters (5 ft 3 in) tall and weighed 70 kilograms (150 lb) which was small for a Spartan-III of that age.[3] Even as an adult she remained small, being only slightly taller than Veta Lopis while in armor,[Note 1] in stark contrast with Tom and her other fellow Spartans.[4] She has neotenous facial features[70] with a pale complexion,[3] wide[6] dark[5] brown eyes,[6] and black hair worn close-cropped.[5] Her gait was noted as being short and careful.[14]


Like most Spartan-IIIs, Lucy-B091 wore Semi-Powered Infiltration armor for most of her career up until mid-2553. During Gamma Company's training, she and Tom spent so much time in their SPI armor that Kurt recognized them better with the suits on.[5] Following her assignment to the Spartan branch, she and Tom were issued Mjolnir armor, with which they would subsequently train extensively.[71] By 2558, Lucy wore the Athlon variant of the MJOLNIR GEN2 armor.


List of appearances[edit]


  1. ^ a b Halo: Last Light establishes that Lucy is slightly taller than Veta Lopis. The Halo Encyclopedia (2022 edition) contradicts this, keeping Lucy's 160 centimeter height (as seen on page 106), but listing Veta's height as 177 centimeters (page 111), making Veta a full 17 centimeters taller than Lucy. However, it is possible that Lucy is still slightly taller than Veta while wearing armor, and she's only 160 centimeters when unarmored. As this is the most lore-friendly explanation, that is what is assumed here.
  2. ^ Lessons Learned establishes that Tom-B292 and Lucy-B091 were six years old when they started their training. Page 106 of the Halo Encyclopedia (2022 edition) establishes that Tom and Lucy were born on April 14, 2533 and January 28, 2533, respectively. This makes Beta Company's start date somewhere between April 2539 and January 2540.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Halo Encyclopedia (2022 edition), page 106
  2. ^ a b Halo Waypoint: Happy Birthday Lucy-B091
  3. ^ a b c Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 26
  4. ^ a b Halo: Last Light, page 265 (Google Play edition)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 98
  6. ^ a b c Halo: Fractures, "Lessons Learned" page 19
  7. ^ a b Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 15
  8. ^ a b c d Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 27
  9. ^ a b Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 90
  10. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 122
  11. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 141
  12. ^ Halo Encyclopedia (2022 edition), page 51
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Halo: Fractures, "Lessons Learned"
  14. ^ a b Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 16
  15. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, pages 89-96
  16. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 13
  17. ^ Transcript of Mendez-Ambrose transmission
  18. ^ a b c d Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, pages 368-369
  19. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, Chapter 15
  20. ^ a b c Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, pages 140-141
  21. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, Chapter 29
  22. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, Chapter 30
  23. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, Chapters 33-34
  24. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 372
  25. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 13
  26. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 99
  27. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 118
  28. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 122
  29. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 146
  30. ^ Halo: Glasslands, pages 186-194
  31. ^ Halo: Glasslands, pages 273-281
  32. ^ Halo: Glasslands, pages 302-308
  33. ^ Halo: Glasslands, pages 312-317
  34. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 329, 335
  35. ^ Halo: Glasslands, pages 336-337
  36. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 401
  37. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 435
  38. ^ Halo: Last Light
  39. ^ Halo: Last Light, page 33 (Google Play edition)
  40. ^ Halo: Last Light, page 146 (Google Play edition)
  41. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 134-136 (Google Play edition)
  42. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 141-142 (Google Play edition)
  43. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 183-185 (Google Play edition)
  44. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 190-192 (Google Play edition)
  45. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 219-222 (Google Play edition)
  46. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 225-239 (Google Play edition)
  47. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 289-290 (Google Play edition)
  48. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 306-307 (Google Play edition)
  49. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 320-324 (Google Play edition)
  50. ^ a b Halo: Last Light, pages 327-333 (Google Play edition)
  51. ^ Halo Waypoint: Catalog Interaction - Page 38
  52. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 204
  53. ^ a b Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 137
  54. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, page 92
  55. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 190
  56. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 279
  57. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 281
  58. ^ a b Halo: Glasslands, pages 99-100
  59. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 144-145
  60. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 144
  61. ^ a b Halo: Glasslands, page 193
  62. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 304
  63. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 79
  64. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 165
  65. ^ Halo: Last Light, page 330 (Google Play edition)
  66. ^ Halo: Last Light, pages 226, 332 (Google Play edition)
  67. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, pages 90, 92-95
  68. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 335
  69. ^ Halo: Ghosts of Onyx, pages 99, 137, 324
  70. ^ Halo: Glasslands, page 303
  71. ^ Halo: Fractures, "Lessons Learned", page 5 (Google Play edition)