|There is more information available on this subject at Electromagnetic pulse on the English Wikipedia.|
An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) is the electromagnetic radiation from an explosion (especially a nuclear explosion) or an intensely fluctuating magnetic field caused by Compton-recoil electrons and photoelectrons from photons scattered in the materials of the electronic or explosive device or in a surrounding medium. While organic tissue is unaffected, the resulting electric and magnetic fields may couple with electrical/electronic systems to produce damaging current and voltage surges. The effects are usually not noticeable beyond the blast radius unless the device is nuclear or specifically designed to produce an electromagnetic shockwave. An alternate definition is: a broadband, high-intensity, short-duration burst of electromagnetic energy.
The worst of an electromagnetic pulse generally only lasts for a second, but any unprotected electrical equipment will be affected by the pulse.
There have been several noteworthy instances in which an EMP has appeared.
- The detonation of a nuclear weapon, such as a Shiva-class nuclear missile, is almost always followed by a massive electromagnetic pulse.
- During the Battle of the Etran Harborage, the smart-AI Serina had Sergeant John Forge use the EMP weapon of several Gremlins to attack the Forerunner pylons attempting to pull the UNSC Spirit of Fire into the shield world known as the Etran Harborage. As a result, the Spirit of Fire had time to effect a rescue of Alpha, Bravo and Charlie Platoons.
- During the Battle of the Rubble, SPARTAN-II Grey Team used a small EMP device to fry the systems on an Insurrectionist freighter called the Kestrel. This was to wipe its navigation database in accordance with the Cole Protocol which they were at the Rubble enforcing.
- In the aftermath of Operation: UPPER CUT, both SPARTAN-B312 and the satellite Navigation Beacon RA-15 witnessed a purple-tinted EMP cloud emanate from the wreckage of the Covenant supercarrier Long Night of Solace after the improvised slipspace bomb was activated. The cloud disabled all electronics within its vicinity, including the NAV Beacon.
- During the Battle of Installation 04, Cortana diverted John-117's energy shields into an EMP to disable Halo's phase pulse generators.
- The deep-space artifact let out an enormous electromagnetic pulse that briefly canceled out all communications in the Sol system. It later let out another pulse upon deactivation.
- During the Skirmish over Threshold, John-117 used the EMP emitted by a Type-1 plasma grenade to disable the electronics of a locked door on Ascendant Justice, which allowed him to open the door.
- The in-atmosphere jumping of the Solemn Penance to slipspace above New Mombasa created a massive electromagnetic pulse that damaged electrical systems in the city, and fried the navigational and safety systems of nearly five dozen SOEIV pods unfortunate enough to drop towards the carrier at that exact moment, plunging them and the Orbital Drop Shock Troopers inside free-falling to near-certain death.
- The UNSC Port Stanley was equipped with an EMP cannon, for disabling ships not hardened against it, which it used against the Hudal-class auxiliary vessel Piety.
- While trying to stop the Didact, Cortana again modified the Master Chief's shields to give off an EMP to disable a carrier wave generator. She referred to it as "taking a page out of our old playbook."
- During the Battle of Carrow, Governor Ellis Gass and her engineers created a makeshift EMP canon using the core of a HAVOK tactical nuclear weapon and an M68 Gauss cannon to use against Jiralhanae Chieftain Hekabe and the vertex, the Forerunner device that allowed him to control the Sharquoi. The EMP temporarily knocked out all of the Forerunner technology in the Sharquoi hive though it quickly rebooted. This time allowed Ellis time to remove the vertex from Hekabe and end his control over the Sharquoi.
- The Guardians are equipped with a technology similar to an EMP, called attenuation pulse emitters, which can disable every piece of technology on a planet and surrounding space to keep "troublesome worlds" in-line by instantaneously neutralize local power networks through a series of debilitating pulses.
EMP is also an in-game effect in the Halo games, that disables energy shields and vehicles. It is produced by certain weapons and equipment.
- In Halo 2, the Sentinels sometimes emit an EMP when destroyed. This effect disables shields, but vehicles are unaffected.
- In Halo 3, the power drain uses EMP to disable shields, vehicles and other power sources.
- The overcharged blast from a Type-25 and Type-54 plasma pistol will temporarily disable vehicles and energy shields.
- In Halo Wars, Professor Anders' vehicle, the XRP12 Gremlin, uses EMP as main armament to disable enemy ground vehicles.
- In Halo Wars, the Type-29 Vampire's stasis cannon uses EMP as well to drain power from enemy aircraft.
- In Halo: Reach, Armor lock can trigger an EMP after use, which can take out a Spartan's shields. Combined with a quick and accurate melee, this can result in an almost instant kill.
- In Halo: Reach the M319 grenade launcher has a secondary function that acts like an EMP. It awards a player an EMP Blast Medal when it kills an enemy, being the only other weapon in the game that awards the medal.
- In Halo 2: Anniversary the bases on the map Bloodline have consoles that allow players to activate an EMP around the area. This can be made in a Forge map too.
- In Halo 5: Guardians the Echidna can EMP targets.
- In Halo 5: Guardians Hannibal Mantis can EMP targets with its stomp attack.
- In Halo Wars 2 Spirit of Fire's MAC has been upgraded with EMP to disable Sentinels defenses that defends Forerunner Conduit.
- In Halo: Spartan Assault, an EMP Blast stuns all ally and enemy units around the EMP radius.
- In Halo: Spartan Strike, throwing an EMP Grenade will cause the enemies to be stunned, rendering them unable to attack or move temporarily.
- If you disable a vehicle using an EMP, it will show an animation of some sparks flying around, but if you disable it again before it is drivable then the animation will stop and the vehicle will not work.
- Some vehicles disabled by an EMP will still have full functionality of its weapons if it has any. For example, if an M12 Warthog is disabled by an EMP, the turret will still be able to turn around and shoot. Likewise, a Type-26 Banshee, while grounded, will still be able to boost and perform tricks.
List of appearances
- Halo: The Fall of Reach (First appearance)
- Halo: Combat Evolved
- Halo: The Flood
- Halo: First Strike
- Halo 2
- Halo 3
- Halo: The Cole Protocol
- Halo Wars
- Halo 3: ODST
- Halo: Evolutions - Essential Tales of the Halo Universe
- Halo: Reach
- Halo: Fall of Reach
- Halo: Glasslands
- Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary
- Halo 4
- Hunt the Truth (Mentioned only)
- Halo: Spartan Assault
- Halo 2: Anniversary
- Halo: Spartan Strike
- Halo 5: Guardians
- Halo Wars 2
- Halo: Envoy
- Halo: Rise of Atriox
- Halo: Silent Storm (Mentioned only)
- Halo: Renegades
- Wikipedia: Electromagnetic pulse
- Halo: The Cole Protocol, page 317
- Halo Wars, campaign level, Shield World
- Halo: The Cole Protocol
- Halo: Reach, campaign level, Long Night of Solace
- Halo: Combat Evolved, campaign level Two Betrayals
- Halo: First Strike, page 89
- Halo 3: ODST, campaign level, Prepare to Drop
- Halo: Glasslands, page 224
- Halo 4, campaign level, Shutdown
- Halo: Envoy
- Halo 5: Guardians, campaign level, Guardians
- Halo: Warfleet, p. 88-89