480 BCE

From Halopedia, the Halo wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Timeline
Previous: 648 BCE

Next: 79

Human colonization and Insurrection

1940s

1945

1990s

1995
1997
1999

2000s

2004
2005
2007

2020s

2021

2070s

2070
2075
2079

2080s

2080

2090s

2090

2100s

2103

2120s

2129

2130s

2135

2140s

2142

2150s

2152
2158

2160s

2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2167
2169

2170s

2170
2178

2200s

2204

2210s

2215
2218

2220s

2220

2290s

2291

2310s

2302
2310
2313
2315
2317
2318
2319

2320s

2320
2321
2325
2329

2330s

2332

2340s

2349

2360s

2362
2364

2380s

2381

2390s

2390
2392
2395
2396
2397

2400s

2401
2403

2410s

2412
2414
2415

2420s

2429

2430s

2431
2432
2437

2450s

2453
2454
2455
2457
2458
2459

2460s

2460
2461
2462
2468
2469

2470s

2470
2473
2475
2478
2479

2480s

2481
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489

2490s

2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499

2500s

2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509

2510s

2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519

2520s

2520
2521
2522
2523
2524

Post-war

2550s

2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559

2560s

2567

2570s

2571
2573
2578

2580s

2581
2589

2590s

2590
2595

2600s

2607
2608
2609

2610s

2610



In The Battle of Thermopylae of 480 BC, an alliance of Greek city-states fought the invading Persian Empire at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece. Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held back the massive army of Persians for three days in one of history's most famous last stands.[1]

A small force led by King Leonidas of Sparta blocked the only road through which the massive army of Xerxes I could pass. After three days of battle, a local resident named Ephialtes betrayed the Greeks by revealing a mountain path that led behind the Greek lines. Dismissing the rest of the army, King Leonidas stayed behind with 300 Spartans and 700 Thespian volunteers. The Persians succeeded in taking the pass but sustained heavy losses, extremely disproportionate to those of the Greeks.

The fierce resistance of the Spartan-led army offered Athens invaluable time to prepare for a decisive naval battle that would determine the outcome of the war. The subsequent Greek victory at the Battle of Salamis left much of the Persian navy destroyed and Xerxes I was forced to retreat back to Asia, leaving his army in Greece under Mardonius, who met the Greeks in battle one last time. The Spartans assembled at full strength and led a pan-Greek army that defeated the Persians decisively at the Battle of Plataea, ending the Greco-Persian War and with it the expansion of the Persian Empire into Europe. This war was shown by Deja on the first day of Spartan training.

Influence[edit]

Spartans from Ancient Greece.

The Spartans are named after the famous warriors of ancient Greece. Like the ancient Spartans, the Spartans of the 26th century were incredible soldiers, and they were taught how to fight as a team, working together to whittle down and defeat a larger, stronger enemy.[2]

Parallels have been drawn between the Battle of Reach and the Battle of Thermopylae. In both conflicts, a small group of defending Spartans fought against overwhelming numbers of enemy troops, were defeated, but bought critical time for their allies. At Thermopylae, it gave the Athenians the time they needed to complete their preparations, and at Reach, it gave John-117 much-needed time to erase a NAV database that, had it been captured, would have led the Covenant straight to Earth.[3] The outcomes of both wars are also similar in that the Greeks eventually defeated the previously unstoppable Persian empire, and humanity overcame seemingly insurmountable odds to vanquish the Covenant and the Flood.

There was also a battle known as Operation: PROMETHEUS, in which 300 Spartan-IIIs were tasked with destroying 27 of 30 plasma reactors on the shipyard. They were also faced with overwhelming odds and knew it was a suicide mission.

Sources[edit]